If you are looking for details of West Bengal chief ministers from 1947 till date, read on. This post has a comprehensive West Bengal CM list, starting from Prafulla Chandra Ghosh to Mamata Banerjee.
In addition to the names of CMs, you can also find other relevant details in this West Bengal chief minister list. These include their tenure, constituency, party, governors during their tenure, details of Presidential Rule in West Bengal, and more.
The post also contains an FAQ section on the current and former West Bengal chief ministers. Want to know who is the first CM of West Bengal? Who is the first women chief minister of the state? Or, who are the longest-serving and shortest-serving chief ministers of West Bengal?
You will find answers to all these questions and more related to West Bengal chief ministers in this post.
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West Bengal CM List From 1947 To Till Date
Here is a complete list of CM of West Bengal, starting from 1947 to date. Besides the names and tenures, it has details of the legislative assembly, party, and constituency of each CM. You can also find the details of governors during their tenure in the West Bengal CM list given below:
|Premiers of West Bengal|
|1st||Prafulla Chandra Ghosh||15 August 1947 to 22 January 1948||Indian National Congress||Provincial Assembly||NA||Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari|
|2nd||Bidhan Chandra Roy||23 January 1948 to 25 January 1950||Indian National Congress||Provincial Assembly||NA||Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari Kailash Nath Katju|
|Chief Ministers of West Bengal|
|Bidhan Chandra Roy||26 January 1950 to 30 March 1952||Indian National Congress||Provincial Assembly||Bowbazar||Kailash Nath Katju|
H. C. Mookerjee
|Bidhan Chandra Roy||31 March 1952 to 5 April 1957||Indian National Congress||1st West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bowbazar||H. C. Mookerjee|
Phani Bhusan Chakravartti
|Bidhan Chandra Roy||6 April 1957 to 2 April 1962||Indian National Congress||2nd West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bowbazar||Padmaja Naidu|
|Bidhan Chandra Roy||3 April 1962 to 1 July 1962 (Died in office on 1 July 1962)||Indian National Congress||3rd West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bowbazar||Padmaja Naidu|
|President’s Rule||1 July 1962 to 8 July 1962|
|3rd||Prafulla Chandra Sen||9 July 1962 to 28 February 1967||Indian National Congress||3rd West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Arambagh East||Padmaja Naidu|
|4th||Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee||1 March 1967 to 21 November 1967 (Dismissed by the governor on 21 November 1967)||Bangla Congress|
|4th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Tamluk||Padmaja Naidu|
|Prafulla Chandra Ghosh||21 November 1967 to 19 February 1968 (Resigned)||Independent|
(Progressive Democratic Front)
|4th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Jhargram||Dharma Vira|
|President’s Rule||20 February 1968 to 25 February 1969|
|Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee||25 February 1969 to 16 March 1970 (Resigned)||Bangla Congress|
|5th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Tamluk||Dharma Vira|
Deep Narayan Sinha (Acting)
Shanti Swaroop Dhavan
|President’s Rule||19 March 1970 to 2 April 1971|
|Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee||2 April 1971 to 28 June 1971 (Resigned)||Bangla Congress|
|6th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Tamluk||Shanti Swaroop Dhavan|
|President’s Rule||29 June 1971 to 20 March 1972|
|5th||Siddhartha Shankar Ray||20 March 1972 to 30 April 1977||Indian National Congress||7th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Malda||A.L. Dias|
|President’s Rule||30 April 1977 to 20 June 1977|
|6th||Jyoti Basu||21 June 1977 to 23 May 1982||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||8th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Satgachhia||A.L. Dias|
Tribhuvana Narayana Singh
Bhairab Dutt Pande
|Jyoti Basu||24 May 1982 to 29 March 1987||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||9th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Satgachhia||Bhairab Dutt Pande|
Anant Prasad Sharma
Satish Chandra (Acting)
Uma Shankar Dikshit
Saiyid Nurul Hasan
|Jyoti Basu||30 March 1987 to 18 June 1991||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||10th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Satgachhia||Saiyid Nurul Hasan|
T. V. Rajeswar
|Jyoti Basu||19 June 1991 to 15 May 1996||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||11th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Satgachhia||Saiyid Nurul Hasan|
B. Satyanarayan Reddy (Additional Charge)
K. V. Raghunatha Reddy
|Jyoti Basu||16 May 1996 to 5 November 2000 (Resigned)||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||12th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Satgachhia||K. V. Raghunatha Reddy|
Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai
Shyamal Kumar Sen
Viren J. Shah
|7th||Buddhadeb Bhattacharya||6 November 2000 to 14 May 2001||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||12th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Jadavpur||Viren J. Shah|
|Buddhadeb Bhattacharya||15 May 2001 to 17 May 2006||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||13th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Jadavpur||Viren J. Shah|
|Buddhadeb Bhattacharya||18 May 2006 to 13 May 2011||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||14th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Jadavpur||Gopalkrishna Gandhi|
Devanand Konwar (Additional Charge)
|8th||Mamata Banerjee||20 May 2011 to 25 May 2016||All India Trinamool Congress||15th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bhabanipur||M.K. Narayanan|
D. Y. Patil (Acting Charge)
Keshari Nath Tripathi
|Mamata Banerjee||26 May 2016 to 4 May 2021||All India Trinamool Congress||16th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bhabanipur||Keshari Nath Tripathi|
|Mamata Banerjee||5 May 2021 to Till Date||All India Trinamool Congress||17th West Bengal Legislative Assembly||Bhabanipur||Jagdeep Dhankhar|
President’s Rule In West Bengal
West Bengal came under President’s Rule on five different occasions. The table given below has details of the President’s Rule in West Bengal:
|1||1 July 1962 to 8 July 1962||7 days||Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy Died in office on 1 July 1962. Article 365 was enacted till the new CM (Prafulla Chandra Sen) was elected.|
|2||20 February 1968 to 25 February 1969||1 year and 5 days||The incumbent chief minister Prafulla Chandra Ghosh resigned and relinquished his duties.|
|3||19 March 1970 to 2 April 1971||1 year and 14 days||The coalition government of Bangla Congress and CPI(M) collapsed, leading to the resignation of the CM Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee.|
|4||29 June 1971 to 20 March 1972||265 days||The Bangla Congress and CPI(M) coalition collapsed again.|
|5||30 April 1977 to 20 June 1977||51 days||On 30 April 1977, the assembly led by Siddhartha Shankar Ray was dissolved. Until the next CM was elected, the vacant office was brought under President’s Rule.|
West Bengal Chief Ministers – An Overview
The current Indian state of West Bengal was formed in August 1947 by partitioning the erstwhile Bengal Province of British India. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh of the Indian National Congress (INC) became the first chief minister of West Bengal on 15 August 1947.
However, you must note here that till January 1950, the office was known as the Prime Minister of West Bengal. So, though Prafulla Chandra Ghosh was the first CM of the state, he was officially referred to as a Prime Minister or Premier of the state.
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, one of the most renowned chief ministers of West Bengal, succeeded Prafulla Chandra Ghosh. He served the office for over 14 years. When Dr. B.C Roy died in office on 1 July 1962, Prafulla Chandra Sen became the next CM and completed the term.
Between 1967 and 1972, West Bengal witnessed political instability with five periods of President’s Rule and four coalition governments. Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee and Prafulla Chandra Ghosh were the West Bengal chief ministers during this period. In 1972, Siddhartha Shankar Ray (INC) came into power and served his five-year term.
In 1977, the Left Front led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) came into power with Jyoti Basu as the CM of the state. He served the state for over 23 consecutive years, becoming the longest-serving West Bengal CM. He was succeeded by Buddhadeb Bhattacharya of the CPI (M), another noteworthy name in the West Bengal chief minister list.
The 33 plus years of reign by the Left Front came to an end in 2011, when Mamata Banerjee (All India Trinamool Congress) came into power. She is also the first and only woman to become the West Bengal CM. Currently, she is serving her third term as the CM of the state.
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FAQs On West Bengal Chief Ministers
Who was the first chief minister of West Bengal?
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh of the Indian National Congress was the first West Bengal CM. He came into power in 1947. It is important to note that till January 1950, the office of the CM was officially known as the Prime Minister or Premier of West Bengal. So, technically, Prafulla Chandra Ghosh was the first Premier of the state after independence. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was the first person to become the CM after the office was established.
Who was the first West Bengal CM to die in office?
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was the first West Bengal CM to die in office. He died aged 80, on 1 July 1962.
Who is the current chief minister of West Bengal?
Mamata Banerjee (All India Trinamool Congress) is the current chief minister of West Bengal.
Who is the first woman chief minister of West Bengal?
The first woman chief minister of West Bengal is Mamata Banerjee. She is the 8th individual to hold the office and came into power in 2011. Mamata Banerjee is also the only woman CM of West Bengal.
How many times was West Bengal under President’s Rule?
Five times. From 1 July 1962 to 8 July 1962 (first), from 20 February 1968 to 25 February 1969 (second), from 19 March 1970 to 2 April 1971 (third) and 29 June 1971 to 20 March 1972 (fourth), and from 30 April 1977 to 20 June 1977 (fifth).
Who is the longest-serving chief minister of West Bengal?
Jyoti Basu of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) is the longest-serving West Bengal CM. He came into power on 21 June 1977 and remained in office till 5 November 2000. The total duration of his tenure is 23 years and 137 days.
How many chief ministers did West Bengal have?
Since its formation in 1947, 8 individuals held the position of West Bengal CM. Here’s the West Bengal CM list:
1. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh
2. Bidhan Chandra Roy
3. Prafulla Chandra Sen
4. Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee
5. Siddhartha Shankar Ray
6. Jyoti Basu
7. Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, and
8. Mamata Banerjee
Of these 8 West Bengal chief ministers, all except Prafulla Chandra Sen and Siddhartha Shankar Ray served multiple terms.
Who is the shortest-serving chief minister of West Bengal?
Prafulla Chandra Ghosh is the shortest-serving West Bengal CM. He held the office for 250 days in two terms – 160 days in the first term as the Premier of West Bengal (15 August 1947 to 22 January 1948) and 90 days in the second term (21 November 1967 to 19 February 1968).
Which of the West Bengal chief ministers didn’t serve multiple terms?
Prafulla Chandra Sen and Siddhartha Shankar are the chief ministers of West Bengal who didn’t serve multiple terms.
Which of the West Bengal chief ministers is called Gandhi of Arambagh?
Prafulla Chandra Sen.
Which of the chief ministers of West Bengal was also a medical doctor?
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy. In India, National Doctor’s Day is celebrated on July 1 in memory of Dr. B.C. Roy
Who is considered the Maker of Modern West Bengal?
Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy.
Who was the first non-congress West Bengal CM?
Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee. He was a member of the Bangla Congress, which was formed after splitting from the Indian National Congress.